Someone discusses what sovereignty is and its characteristics.

Sovereignty, state sovereignty

Definition of sovereignty: -

One of the elements of the state is sovereignty. This feature sets the state apart from other organizations. It is only by this sovereignty that one state is regarded as equivalent to another, irrespective of size or power.

Political scientist Jean Bodin  By its definition, sovereignty is "the free and ultimate power of the state over citizens and subjects controlled by law".

Jellenick Sovereignty is halo as described in "a feature of the state whereby the state is not obliged to do anything other than its own, And Anu is not controlled by anyone's power. " 

Professor  Duguit  Sovereignty believes that the state is the power to give orders. With this power, the state ordered everyone within its territory. The fundamental, extreme and limitless power over all individuals and journalists is called sovereignty.

 There are two aspects to sovereignty Internal and external. Internal sovereignty refers to the ultimate power of the state within the territory of the state. Because of this power, The State imposes and enforces all the persons and institutions under it, But do not accept any order from anyone.

On the other hand, external sovereignty means that the state will work independently in the international field.

However, the above criticism against sovereignty cannot be accepted. The state has the ultimate and infinite power, both within the state and internationally, on the legal side.

Properties of sovereignty: -

1) Basic and ultimate power:
Sovereignty is the basic, unlimited, ultimate and ultimate power of the state. There is no other power over this power. It is through this power that the state makes laws. No person or institution within the state can disobey state law.

If you disobey the law, you will get punishment The will of the state is finalized by law. This capability does not apply to any individual or organization, not only to the internal but also to the international. No foreign power can dictate state policy. 

2) Publicity:
The sovereignty of the state is universal and The most comprehensive. The sovereignty of the state extends to all individuals and institutions within the state. Of course, the person here means the citizens or subjects of the state. Foreign diplomats, diplomats, are not regulated in the state in which the ambassadors are appointed.

Each state willingly accepts the Shima for international goodwill and for improving international relations. Therefore, it cannot be acknowledged as the true Shima of universalism. If the state wishes, it can withdraw the privileges of all these states.

3) Durability:
Sustainability is an important feature of sovereignty. Sovereignty prevails as long as the state exists. Government or governance may change, but it does not change the sovereignty of the state.

The junta government came after the fall of the Congress government in India. But that did not endanger India's sovereignty. Sovereignty abolished Either only when the state is being chased or another state is included.

4) Inseparable:
Sovereignty is inseparable. No one can be broken or divided. "Dividing sovereignty means destroying it," says Patel. The same state cannot have sovereign power in the hands of two or more entities.

Pluralists do not believe in the integrity of sovereignty. According to them, modern society is, in fact, a decentralized society where different social institutions share sovereignty with the state. However, in reality, this idea of ​​pluralism comes to the fore.

Since sovereignty is an integral element of the state, it is not transferable. Sovereignty is the life of the state. In fact, the transfer of sovereignty means the abolition of the state. Many times the state assigns a portion of its territory to another state as a result of war or by treaty or treaty. But this does not transfer or transfer sovereignty.

Again, even if the state is a member of a larger group or organization, its sovereignty is not transferred. Member of the United Nations or various military groups and regional cooperative collections The old sovereignty of the states is acknowledged and kept.

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